Evaluation of the vitality of Lahijan’s institute for the intellectual development of children and young adults using space syntax

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 MSc student, Department of Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan Branch, Gilan, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Islamic Azad University of Rasht Branch, Gilan, Iran.

Abstract

Institute for the intellectual development of children and young adults has been established to focus on this group. In spite of its proximity to the city center, this institute has not been paid attention well by citizens. This research is intended to evaluate wayfinding and visual relationship in order to create sociability and vitality of the institute environment. To achieve this goal, a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods has been used. On the one hand, the effective foundations of research were gathered in library. On the other hand, space configuration has been analyzed using space syntax method which is a quantitative method and computer simulation and Depth map software was also used. In order to measure the status quo (present situation) and survey operations, observation was used in the gate, directional splits, and people following. The findings indicate that given that motor potential and access are based on the simulation to reach the convenient center, but gate observation showed that traffic and traffic levels of pedestrians were very low in this path. The evaluation of the dynamic and static behavior of humans within space showed that the trend reaching the institute spaces was inappropriate. Due to the high traffic of pedestrians around the space and the problem of their orientation because of motor obstacles and cutting its movement paths by various factors, and on the other hand, desirable visual inaccessibility to other spaces, changing movement path is proposed. The axial and visual analysis of the present and proposed position showed that changes can be made in the movement trend and the replacement of micro-spaces in the Institute space. Improving access and visual space can be effective in the vitality and social sustainability of the center space.

Keywords


  • Abbaszadegan, M., (2002). Urban Design: Space Syntax Method in City Design Process with a Look at Yazd City, Urban Management, 3 (1). 64-75.
  • Abbaszadegan, M. and Azari, A., (2012), Measurement of effective measures on the creation  of  pedestrian lines using the GIS and the space syntax, architecture and  urbanization of  Iran, 4 (1), 55-68.
  • Abbaszadegan, M., Mokhtarzadeh, s. and Bidram, R., (2012), Analysis of the Relationship between Spatial Structure and Development of Urban Neighborhoods by Space Syntax (Case Study:  Mashhad City). Urban and Regional Studies and Research. 4 (2). 43-62.
  • Afkhami Aghda, R. & Zarouni, M. S., (2011), Investigating the elements of the story in the collection secrets of the world and their teaching for children, critique of contemporary Arabic literature, 9 (2), 1-32.
  • Alexander, C. (1968). Notes on the Synthesis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Allen, G. (1999). Spatial Abilities, Cognitive map, and Wayfinding: Based for Individual Differencees in Spatial Cognition and Behavior. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University press.
  • Asselena, M. V., Kesselsa, R. P. C., Kappelleb, L. J., Neggersa, S. F. W., Frijnsb, C. J. M., and Postmaa, A. (2005). Neural Correlates of Human Wayfinding in Stroke Patients. Brain research, 1067, 2 2 9 – 2 3 8.
  • Batty, M., and Longley, P. (1994). Fractal Cities: A Geometry of Form and Function, 1st edn. New York: Academic Press.
  • Behzadfar, M. and Tahmasbi, A., (2013), Identification and Evaluation of Effective Components on Social Interactions, Bagh-e Nazar, 10 (25), 17-28.
  • Blakey, R. (1850). History of the Philosophy of Mind. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans.
  • Caduff, D., Timpf, S., (2008).Ontheassessmentoflandmarksalience for humannavigation.Cogn.Process.9, 249–267.
  • Chebat, J.-C.,Gelinas-Chebat,C.,Therrien,K.,(2005).Lostina mall, the effects of gender, familiarity with the shopping mall and the shopping values on shoppers' wayfinding processes. J. Bus. Res.58,1590–1598.
  • Collins, C. C., Collins, G. R., and Sitte, C. (2006). Camillo Sitte: The Birth of Modern City Planning: With a Translation of the 1889 Austrian Edition of His City Planning According to Artistic Principles. New York: Dover Publications.
  • Conroy, R. (2001). Spatial Navigation in Immersive Virtual Environments. Faculty of Built Environment. University of London, London, 249.
  • Conzen, M. R. G., and Conzen, M. P. (2004). Thinking About Urban Form: Papers on Urban Morphology. Oxford; New York: Peter Lang.
  • Daneshpour, S. A., Charkhchian, M., (2007), Public spaces and factors affecting collective life, Bagh-e-Nazar, 4 (7), 19-28.
  • Dumreicher. H. and Kolb. B. (2007). Place as a social space. Filed of encounter relating to the local sustainability process. Journal of invironmental management.
  • Edwards, D., Griffin, T., (2013). Understanding tourists' spatial behaviour: GPS tracking as an aid to sustainable destination management. J. Sustain. Tour. Manag.,1–16.
  • Emo, B., Hölscher, C., Wiener, J. M., and Dalton, R. C. (2012). Wayfinding and Spatial Configuration: Evidence from Street Corners. Paper Presented at the Proceedings of the 8th Space Syntax Symposium, Pontifícia Universidad.
  • Fewings, R. (2001). Wayfinding and Airport Terminal Design. Journal of Navigation, 54(2).
  • Fry, H., (2002). Building a more sustainable urban form. Tehran, University of Tehran
  • Geddes, P., and Library. (2008). Civics: As Applied Sociology. Teddington: Echo.
  • Gheibi, d and Pourzman, M. (2016), Investigating the Role of Space and Activities in the University Space to Create Social Interactions between Students (Case Study: Payam-e Noor University, Shiraz), International Conference on Architectural Engineering and Urban Development
  • Giddings, B., Charlton, J., and Horne, M. (2011). Public Squares in European City Centres. URBAN DESIGN International, 16(3), 202–212.
  • Golledge, R. (1999). Human Cognitive Maps and Wayfinding. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Gospodini, A. (2001). Urban design, urban space morphology, urban tourism: an emerging new paradigm concerning their relationship. European Planning Studies 9(7): 925-934.
  • Habibi, S. M (2000). "Civil Society and Urban Life." Fine Arts 7: 12. 21-33.
  • Hamadani Golshan, H., (2014), Rethinking the Space Syntax Theory, An Approach in Architecture and Urban Design; Case Study: Borujerdi Houses, Kashan, Fine Arts Journal, 20 (2). 85-92.
  • Hillier, B. (1996). Space Is the Machine: A Configurational Theory of Architecture. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hillier, B., and Hanson, J. (1984). The Social Logic of Space, Reprint. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hillier, B. (2003). The Architectures of Seeing and Going: or, Are Cities Shaped by Bodies or Minds? and Is There a Syntax of Spatial Cognition? Paper Presented at the 4th International Space Syntax Symposium, London.
  • Hillier, B. (2008). Space and Spatiality: What the Built Environment Needs from Social Theory. Building Research & Information, 36(3), 36216–36230.
  • Hölscher, C., Meilinger, T., Vrachliotis, G., Brösamle, M., Knauff, M., (2005). Finding the WayInside: Linking Architectural Design Analysis and Cognitive Processes.1–23.
  • Ishikawa, T., Montello, D. R.,(2006).Spatialknowledgeacquisition from directexperienceintheenvironment:individualdiffer- ences inthedevelopmentofmetricknowledgeandtheintegr tion ofseparatelylearnedplaces.Cogn.Psychol.52(2),93–129.
  • Jacobs, A. & Appleyard, D. (1987). Towards an urban design manifes to: A prologue. Journal of American planning associated, 53, 112-120.
  • Jacobs, A. B. (1993). Great Streets. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
  • Jacobs,L.R.,(2009). Building Reliable Theories of the Presidency. Presidential Studies Quarterly. 39(4). 771-780.
  • Karimi, K. (2012). A Configurational Approach to Analytical Urban Design: Space Syntax Methodology. Urban Design International, 17(4), 297-318. doi: 10.1057/udi.2012.19
  • Lange, J. (1987). Creation of Architectural Theory - The Role of Behavioral Sciences in Environmental Design. Tehran University Press, Translated by Alireza Einifar.
  • Lam, W.H.K., Tam,M.-L.,Wong,S.C.,Wirasinghe,S.C.,(2003). Wayfinding inthepassengerterminalofHongKongInternational Airport. J.AirTransp.Manag.9 (2), 73–81.
  • Landry, Charles. (2000). Urban Vitality: A New Source of Urban Competitiveness, PrinceCLausFund
  • Lynch, K. (1981). A Theory of Good City Form. MIT Press. Translated by Seyed Hossein Bahreini, Tehran. Tehran University Press.
  • Major, M. D. (1997-98). MSc Built Environment: Advanced Architectural studies. London: The Bartlett School of Graduate Studies, University College London.
  • Mallot, H.A., Basten,K.,(2009).Embodiedspatialcognition:biolo- gical andartificial systems.ImageVision.Comput.27(11), 1658–1670.
  • Noghrehkar, A., Mozaffar, F., Saleh, B. and Shafaei, M., (2009), Designing a kindergarten space based on the relationship between creativity and architectural ideas, educational innovation, 8 (4), 39-59.
  • Pakzad, J. and Saki, A., (2006), The Aesthetic Experience of the Environment, The Journal of Fine Arts, 19 (3), 5-14.
  • Penn, A. (2003). Space Syntax and Spatial Cognition: Or, Why the Axial Line? Environment and Behavior, 35, 30-65.
  • Penn, A. (2008). Architectural Research.Advanced Research Methods in the Built Environment and Behavior. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Rittel, H. (1972). Systems Analysis of the ‘First and Second Generations'. Bedriftsokomen, 8, 390–396.
  • Safari, H. (2016) regular geometry towards effective visitors wayfinding: a case study Kulalampur city center, PHD thesis, UTM.
  • Safari, H. and FakouriMoridani Fataneh (2017). Syntactical Analysis of the Accessibility and Sociability of a Square in the Kuala Lumpur City Center, Frontiers of Architectural Research, 6(4), 456-468.
  • Sarbandi  Farahani, M., Behzadfar  M., Abbasazdegan,  M. and Alvandipour, N. (2014).  Effective  Environmental Qualities on Behavioral Institute in Green and Open Spaces; Urban Planning Studies. 2 (1). 101-116.
  • Syed Mahdzar, S. S. B. (2008). Sociability Vs Accessibility Urban Street Life. Ph.D, University College London, London.
  • Syed Mahdzar, S. S. B. (2013 ). Streets for People:  Sustaining Accessible and Sociable Streets in Pasir Gudang City Centre. Paper Presented at the The Ninth International Space Syntax Symposium Seoul.
  • Sitte, C. (1945). The Art of Building Cities: City Building According to Its Artistic Fundamentals. New York: Hyperion Press.
  • Suzuki, K., Yamadori, A., Hayakawa, Y., and Fujii, T. (1998). Pure Topographical Disorientation Related to Dysfunction of the Viewpoint Dependent Visual System. Cortex, 34, 589–599.
  • Soltanifard, H., Hataminejad, H. Abbaszadegan, M. and Pourahmad, A. (2014); Analysis of Metamorphism of Historical Context of Sabzevar City Using Space Syntax Theory (1906-2006). Quarterly Journal of Geographic Space, Islamic Azad University, Ahar Branch, 14 (4). 163-179.
  • Taher Sima, S .; Irani Behbahani; E .; Bazrafkan, K. (2015). Explaining the Role of Outdoor Education in Schools in Iran with Comparative Study of Traditional to Contemporary Schools (Case Studies: Chaharbagh School, Dar Al-Fonoun and Alborz). Quarterly journal of Islamic architecture research. 3 (1). 55-70.
  • Tofighianfar, A.,( 2012).  Investigation  of  Social  Alienation  of  Youth  and  Their Related  Social  factors,  Journal of  Sociological  Studies  of  Youth, Third Year, No. 8.
  • Vilar,E.,Rebelo,F.,Noriega,P.,Teles,J.,Mayhorn,C.,(2013).The influence ofenvironmentalfeaturesonrouteselectioninan emergency situation.Appl.Ergon.,1–10.
  • Weber, R., and Landis, J. (2012). Modelling Urban Systems,The Oxford Handbook of Urban Planning. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  • Welter, V. M., and Whyte, I. B. (2003). Biopolis: Patrick Geddes and the City of Life. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Wiener,J.M.,Büchner,S.,Hölscher,C.,(2009).Taxonomyofhuman wayfinding: aknowledge-basedapproach.Spat.Cogn.Comput. 9 (2),152–165.
  • Zakzanis,K.,Quintin,G.,Graham,S.,Mraz,R.,(2009).Ageand dementia relateddifferencesinspatialnavigationwithinan immersivevirtualenvironment.Med.Sci.Monit.15,140–150.