An analysis of spatial inequalities based on social indices in Tabriz metropolitan

Document Type: Original Article


1 Associate professor, Department of Political Geography, Islamic Azad University of Garmsar Branch, Semnan, Iran.

2 Non-faculty member, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil. Iran.


Inequality in many countries is considered a major challenge to development, especially for those countries whose sovereignty includes vast geographical areas. These inequalities are a serious threat to obtain balanced development of regions, and makes it difficult to achieve national unity and integrity. So, addressing the issue of spatial justice and, consequently, spatial inequality in urban issues has been of great significance. This research has considered spatial analysis of inequalities in Tabriz metropolitan by considering social indices in 2011. In this applied research a descriptive-analytic method was used. The spatial auto-correlation technique was used to identify and measure the inequality by using hot spot analysis in ArcGIS software. In order to understand the scope of study from the perspective of spatial inequalities, data from statistical blocks of 2011 and nine social indices have been used. Also, findings of research indicated that Tabriz does not have a suitable status in terms of the distribution of social indices. According to the results, in the distribution of social inequalities, the largest number of urban blocks are related to very deprived and deprived blocks, and only a small number of urban blocks are completely possessed ones. Also, the results of spatial inequality zonation based on social indices revealed that completely deprived urban blocks have expanded in the marginal blocks of Tabriz, while moderate and completely possessed blocks are expanded towards the blocks inside the city. Also, the distribution of blocks in terms of desirability is in clustered form and has spatial correlation.


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