Investigation on the effective factors for population mobility in spatial balance of the towns in Qazvin conurbation with emphasis on regional transportation

Document Type : Original Article


1 MSc, Department of Regional Planning, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Urbanism, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.


An analysis of the commuting pattern in the towns of a conurbation requires the study of a variety of factors such as social, economic, environment, and so forth. Studying and evaluating the main factors affecting the commuting patterns of conurbation, by taking environmental potentials, population, existing status, activity poles, population centers, traffic volume, and transportation into account to analyze the observations, data, documentation, and information obtained from relevant organizations. Accordingly, this research has evaluated the towns and villages of the Qazvin conurbation with the help of four factors of average household size, average household income, average unit price of housing, and activity rate. Considering the spatial structure of connection networks, location and distance of towns from the city center (Qazvin) and the rate of changes of the factors have been analyzed. The type of present research is applied, the paradigm governing the research space is also of a positivist nature, the purpose or approach of the research attained with the help of analyzing data and information is descriptive as well. In terms of research strategy, our research benefits from deductive reasoning. In terms of method, it uses mixed method. Accordingly, in order to change the commuting pattern, we know that the volume of transportation is in direct relationship with spatial balancing of the structure of the Qazvin conurbation with the factors of household income. The price of newly built housing units and the rate of activity, and it is in inverse relationship and with the household factor. Therefore, the spatial mobility of the population from the surrounding towns to Qazvin and Alvand is high.


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